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Free Music Quintet (Raaymakers / Van Der Locht / Somer / Rikkers / Courbois): Free Music 1 And 2 [VI (ESP-Disk)

This forward-thinking Dutch quintet led by percussionist Pierre Courbois released this album in 1968, recording their percussion-centric and enthusiastic collective free jazz at the farm of vibraphonist Erwin Sommer, with trumpeter Boy Raaymakers, saxophonist Peter Van Der Locht and bassist Ferdinand Rikker'; a passionately joyful and impressive example of European Free Jazz.

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product information:

UPC: 825481108317

Label: ESP-Disk
Catalog ID: ESPDISK 1083LP
Squidco Product Code: 30375

Format: LP
Condition: New
Released: 2020
Country: USA
Packaging: LP
Recorded in Welsum, Netherlands, on June 24th and 25th, 1968, by Onno Scholtze. Originally released in 1968 as a vinyl LP on the ESP Disk label as catalog code 1083.


Boy Raaymakers-trumpet, bugle, percussion

Peter van der Locht-soprano saxophone, tenor saxophone, piccolo flute, percussion

Erwin Somer-violin, vibraphone, percussion

Ferdinand Rikkers-bass, percussion

Pierre Courbois-percussion

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Artist Biographies:

"Boy Raaymakers (* 1944 ; † December 30 or 31, 2018 ) was a Dutch jazz musician (trumpet, flugelhorn, composition).

Raaymakers studied at the Conservatory in Arnhem and was the mid-1960s the driving jazz innovator in Nijmegen. He first played in the local Charlestown jazz band Dixieland. In 1967 he switched to free jazz. With the Free Music Quintet of Pierre Courbois he was in the same year touring Europe. Then he started his own group that included Burton Greene and Noel McGhee. He was involved in recordings of new music and played in the bands of Boy Edgar, Theo Loevendie and in Orkest De Boventon, whose co-leader with Herman de Wit he was between 1979 and 1989. In 1974 Willem Breuker took him as a founding member in his Kollektief, to which he remained committed for more than three decades (until 2006). He also founded his own quartet with Maarten van Norden in 1977, which initially included Arjen Gorter and Rob Verdurmen and which released the LP Chicken Song in 1979. He also played in the Waterland Big Band of Loek Dikker, in the band of JC Tans (Around the World) and accompanied Greetje Bijma with Michiel Braam's sextet. He can also be heard on albums by Gruppo Sportivo and Sean Bergin."

-Wikipedia (Translated by Google) (

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"Peter H. van de Locht was born in the German city Millingen (since 1975 part of the town Rees) in the district of Kleve. He received private lessons from 1960 Waldemar Kuhn and attended from 1964 to 1968 Werkkunstschule in Krefeld and then until 1969 the Werkkunstschule in Wuppertal and studied sculpture at among others Hein Wimmer and Guido Jendritzko (a pupil of Hans Hartung). In 1969, he left, and his brother Klaus (1942-2003) who was also an artist, to the Netherlands. He studied from 1969 to 1970 at the Institute of Sonology of Utrecht University. In 1970 Van de Locht participated in the Venice Biennale. In 1977, Peter and Klaus van de Locht had a joint exhibition in Wesel : Zwei Niederrheinische Künstler in the Niederlanden. In 1980 he stayed in Carrara , Pietrasanta, Florence and Rome . He took part in the 1981/1982 international stone sculpture symposium Nordhorn ( Kunstwegen ) with, among others, the stone sculptors Karl Prantl , Nils-Udo and Ulrich Rückriem.

From 1977 to 1989 he was a lecturer at the School of the Arts Arnhem in Arnhem , and from 1989 to 2005 at the Utrecht School of the Arts in Utrecht . In 2008 Van de Locht was appointed professor of sculpture at the University of Shanghai .

The artist lives and works in Shanghai. The Locht works mainly with natural stone, including marble and granite. He is active as avant-garde and jazz musician and composer.

-Wikipedia, translated by Google (

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Erwin Somer is a Dutch vibraphonist and perrcussionist, known for the groups Erwin Somer Group, Free Music Quartett + 1, Free Music Quintet.

-Discogs (

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"Pierre Courbois (born 23 April 1940, Nijmegen, Netherlands) is a Dutch jazz drummer, bandleader. and composer.

After studying percussion at the Hogeschool der Kunsten in Arnhem, Courbois left for Paris, the center of jazz in Europe in the early 1960s. He worked with pianist Kenny Drew, violinist Jean-Luc Ponty, saxophonists Eric Dolphy, Ben Webster, Stan Getz, and Johnny Griffin, and guitarist René Thomas.

Courbois was one of the first musicians[citation needed] in Europe to experiment with free jazz. In 1961 he became the drummer and leader of the (Original Dutch) Free Jazz Quartet. In 1965 he started another group, the Free Music Quintet, composed of international musicians. He also played and recorded with Gunter Hampel's Heartplants Group with Manfred Schoof and Alexander von Schlippenbach.

In 1969 Courbois founded the first[citation needed] European jazz-rock group, Association P.C. This famous ensemble, winner of the Down Beat poll, existed until 1975 with Toto Blanke, Sigi Busch, different keyboardists, including Jasper van 't Hof, Joachim Kühn and Sigi Kessler. In 1982 he founded New Association with Heribert Wagner, Ben Gerritsen and Ferdi Rikkers. He has also played with the pianists Mal Waldron, and Rein de Graaff, horn players Willem Breuker, Hans Dulfer and Theo Loevendie, and Ali Haurand's European Jazz Quintet with Gerd Dudeck, Leszek Zadlo and Alan Skidmore.

In 1992 Courbois started a quintet under his own name and for the first time in his career performed pieces all composed by himself. This ensemble pleasantly surprised both the critics and the public with a return to the Charles Mingus tradition - thematic, melodic ensemble jazz and an experimentation with linear improvisation.

In 1999 he founded the Double Quintet and in 2003 the Five Four Sextet, with Eric Vloeimans, Ilja Reijngoud, Jasper Blom, Paul van Kemenade, and Niko Langenhuijsen.

He is still playing with Jasper van 't Hof in a trio called "Cour-Hof" with Barend Courbois on bass guitar. Also with Polo de Haas in the "Gong-Duo", sometimes with Kittie Courbois as guest.

During the 1994 North Sea Jazz Festival the Bird Award, the highest award in the Dutch Jazz World, was bestowed upon Courbois. Since 2000 he is Knight of the Order of Orange-Nassau and in 2008 he received the VPRO / Boy Edgar Award.

Nowadays he is playing with his QWINTETT and his SEXTETT: Toon de Gouw - trumpet, Ilja Reijngoud - trombone, Jan Menu - bariton and soprano saxophones, Niko Langenhuijsen - piano, Egon Kracht - double bass and PC compositions and drums."

-Wikipedia (

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track listing:


1. Free Music No. 1 18:00


1. Free Music No. 2 18:30
sample the album:

descriptions, reviews, &c.

"One of the most uncompromising free jazz records ever made, this one-off improvisation by a group of Dutch players, led by percussionist Pierre Courbois, is an archetype of the style. Free jazz doesn't just require a lot of unrestrained blowing and freeform noise, although there are passages of that here. The two lengthy improvs build from placid beginnings, as each member adds various percussion instruments to the growing cacophony, before reedsman Peter Van Der Locht (at times playing two saxes at once á la Rahsaan Roland Kirk) and trumpeter Boy Raaymakers let loose.

All five players get their chances to lead the quintet, although there's a minimum of soloing. Courbois drives both improvs, and there's a five-minute stretch starting about seven minutes into 'Free Music Number One' where he simply explodes, bashing a trap kit and a variety of other objects like the cartoon Tasmanian Devil on a dozen espressos, armed with a pair of baseball bats. There's an impressive sense of dynamics to the improvs, both of which have sections of near-silence mixed in with the explosions, and there's a structural unity to each improv despite the lack of musical themes or other familiar signposts."-Stewart Mason

Related Categories of Interest:

Vinyl Recordings
Improvised Music
Free Improvisation
European Improvisation, Composition and Experimental Forms
Quintet Recordings
Jazz Reissues
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