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Spontaneous Music Ensemble
Frameworks (1968-73)

Spontaneous Music Ensemble: Frameworks (1968-73) (Emanem)
Label: Emanem    
Released in: Great Britain    

"This CD contains three previously unissued performances that all feature Stevens' frameworks leading to group improvising. FAMILIE SEQUENCE from mid-1968 features a unusual instrumentation with three wind instruments, voice and percussion. (An earlier, unissued studio recording of FAMILIE has the very different instrumentation of two voices, piccolo, flute, soprano sax, piano, guitar, cello, two double basses and percussion.) The group texture is made even more unusual by Watts playing bass clarinet.

The first nine minutes comprise the loose theme which was heavily inspired by Gagaku (Japanese court music). This leads to a group improvisation which is interrupted at one point by a short section in which everyone plays glissandi together. Then come short Sustained and Click Pieces which in turn lead to another free improvisation which is capped off by looser versions of Sustained and Click. The overall sequence is unlike any other on record, although there are sections similar to other SME performances.

By the start of 1969, the SME had evolved to the line-up of Stevens, Watts, Johnny Dyani and Maggie Nicols with Wheeler added at times. This was followed by an unrecorded quartet with Mongezi Feza instead of Nicols and Wheeler. 1970 saw the inclusion of several more jazz-aligned musicians into the SME, then for several months in 1971 there was the quartet of Stevens, Watts, Julie Tippett and Ron Herman, which some listeners regard as their favourite SME line-up. (This band has a special place for me, since one of their concerts turned me on to the world of free improvisation.)

The QUARTET SEQUENCE heard here is somewhat similar to their masterpiece BIRDS OF A FEATHER which was recorded a few months later. One aspect of this quartet's music was the reintroduction of free jazz elements into the SME group improvising. Thus the opening section is influenced by the trio of Albert Ayler, Gary Peacock and Sunny Murray - one of the major influences on the SME group music. The second section is more like SME group music, though it does contain repetitive elements. The third section is like a very emotional Ayler ballad. This is followed by a Click Piece and a Sustained Piece.

Perhaps the most satisfying aspect of this quartet is the amazing interplay between saxophone and voice. Prior to this, Julie Tippett had been a successful pop singer (using her maiden name), but had become disillusioned with that world, and had decided to find something else that was more spiritually satisfying to her. Ron Herman was one of numerous young musicians discovered and encouraged by John Stevens. He played with the SME for a few years, but died at a tragically young age. Stevens can be heard using a glockenspiel in addition to his evolving small drums and cymbals kit that is heard throughout this CD.

For the next couple of years, the SME was basically just Stevens and Watts, with other people added on an ad hoc basis. During most of 1972 and 1973, the duo SME performances were very austere, concentrating on performances of the hyper-minimalist piece FLOWER, which is superficially similar to the Click Piece. Most of Stevens' pieces were designed to open up into freedom - after over six minutes of apparently mechanical playing, the version heard here changes into some emotionally charged free improvisation. This encapsulates the way they came out of their austere period late in 1973, culminating in the magnificent performances collected on FACE TO FACE (Emanem 4003)."-Martin Davidson, from the sleeve notes

See all items in the EMANEM & psi category

Related Categories of Interest:

EMANEM & psi
Improvised Music
European Improv, Free Jazz & Related
March 2007
Staff Picks & Recommended Items
London & UK Free Improvisation Scene
Free Improvisation
Septet recordings

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Product Information:

UPC: 5030243413423

Label: Emanem
Catalog ID: 4134
Squidco Product Code: 7786

Format: CD
Condition: New
Released: 2007
Country: Great Britain
Packaging: Jewel Tray
Recorded in London, 1968, July 14 (track 1), 1971, April 25 (2), and 1973, October 11 (3).


John Stevens-percussion, voice

Norma Winstone-voice

Kenny Wheeler-flugelhorn

Paul Rutherford-trombone

Trevor Watts-bass clarinet, soprano saxophone

Julie Tippett-voice, guitar

Ron Herman-double bass

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Track Listing:

1. Familie Sequence - 32:30

2. Quartet Sequence 29:30

3. Flower 9:18

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